Historically, test and measurement instruments have been developed primarily with their own operating systems. In fact, many late model conventional test equipment devices contain embedded PCs running Windows or Embedded […]
Introduction The VNA output ports are capable of sustaining a pre-defined output power level as provided in the datasheet of the manufacturer. Exceeding the power ratings of the VNA ports […]
Introduction to Power Integrity Measurements and Power Distribution Networks Vector network analyzers can be used to measure circuit components such as resistors, capacitors, and inductors. The reason you would want […]
When working with a multiport or differential circuitry application, a 2-port VNA might not be suitable for your measurements. In this scenario, using a 4-port VNA is more effective for […]
Embedding and de-embedding have proven to be the most accurate way to remove or add any additional circuitry. Vector network analyzers can make more accurate measurements if the de-embedding, embedding, […]
In some applications of network analyzers, it is necessary to automate the VNA measurements. This video reviews the COM and TCP interfaces that the vector network analyzer measurements can be […]
Learn about the benefits that Time Domain Analysis or Time Domain Reflectometry (TDR) has for certain applications of VNA measurements.
In this video, we look at how a Smith Chart is simply a special case of the polar plot and how the real and imaginary axes are constructed.