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Category: App Notes

Introduction to Using Databased Calibration Kits

Introduction to Using Databased Calibration Kits

Introduction Vector network analyzers need to be calibrated before measurements to ensure the most accurate measurements possible are made. To do a calibration you need a calibration kit. The characteristics […]

Testing & Matching PCB Antennas

Testing & Matching PCB Antennas

Introduction Connecting to an Antenna Under Test (AUT) integral to a Device (DUT) may involve some tradeoffs between measurement accuracy, electrical considerations, and mechanical ruggedness. In this paper, we describe […]

Measurement Benefits of USB-Driven VNA

Measurement Benefits of USB-Driven VNA

Historically, test and measurement instruments have been developed primarily with their own operating systems. In fact, many late model conventional test equipment devices contain embedded PCs running Windows or Embedded […]

High Power Device Measurement with USB VNA

Measurement of High-Power Devices

Introduction The VNA output ports are capable of sustaining a pre-defined output power level as provided in the datasheet of the manufacturer. Exceeding the power ratings of the VNA ports […]


Calibration Types and Considerations for VNAs

Introduction One of the most frequently asked questions about VNAs goes something like this: “What about calibration?” It’s an unfortunate reality that in the English language, calibration has two completely distinct […]

Figure 1: Internal construction of a USB VNA, illustrative of the degree of shielding and isolation needed for superior performance

What Makes a Good VNA?

Introduction It is commonly accepted that a good vector network analyzer should have both excellent hardware performance and an easy to use software interface with useful post-processing capabilities. There are […]